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 Basic Diet Information

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Pete
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PostSubject: Basic Diet Information   Wed Jul 08, 2009 5:27 am

* Whole cereals and whole grains :Spray Millet amaranth, barley, couscous, flax, whole-grain pastas, oat, quinoa (truly a fruit but used as a cereal), whole-wheat, wild rice, whole rices.

* Edible blossoms and flowers: carnations, chamomille, chives, dandelion, daylily, eucalyptus, fruit tree blossoms, herbs blossoms, hibiscus, honeysuckle, impatiens, lilac, nasturiums, pansies, passion flower (Passiflora), roses, sunflowers, tulips, violets. Note that the leaves of some of these plants are poisonous to Parrots.

* Greens and/or weeds:
o mainly ; bok-choi, broccoli and/or cauliflower leaves, cabbage leaves, collared greens, dandelion leaves, kelp, mustard leaves, seaweeds, spirulina, water cress.
o occasionally & sporadically ; amaranth leaves, beet leaves, carambola (starfruit), chard, parsley, spinach & turnip leaves. All of these feature high oxalic acid contents that induces production of calcium oxalates (crystals/stones) by binding calcium & other trace minerals present in foods and goods with which they're ingested, possibly leading to calcium deficiencies and/or Hypocalcemia in minor cases, liver or other internal organ damage or failure in more severe cases.

* Fruit (except avocados which are toxic): all apple varieties, banana, all berries varieties, all citrus varieties, grapes, kiwi, mango, melons, nectarine, papaya, peach, all pear varieties, plum, star-fruit. Pits and seeds from every citrus and drupe species must always be discarded as they are intoxicating. However, achenes and tiny seeds from pseudo and true berries (bananas, blueberries, elderberries, eggplants, persimmons, pomegranates, raspberries, strawberries, tomatoes) are all acceptable.

* Legumes: almonds, beans, lentils, peas, nuts and tofu.

* Grain and/or Legume sprouts: adzuki beans, alfalfa beans, buckwheat, lentils, mung beans, pinto beans, red kidney beans, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds. Caution with only lima bean and navy bean sprouts which are toxic.

* Vegetables (except uncooked potatoes, uncooked onions and all mushrooms): beet, broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, cucumber, all cabbage varieties, fresh beans, fresh romane lettuce, fresh peas, parsnip, all pepper varieties, all squash varieties, sweet potatoes, tomato, turnip, yams, zucchini.

* Pellets specifically formulated for small tropical Parrot species.

* Other fat-free, healthy and nutritious human foods.

Adding these foods provides additional nutrients and can prevent obesity and lipomas, as can substituting millet, which is relatively low in fat, for higher-fat seed mixes. Adult Parrotlets often do not always adapt readily to dietary additions, so care must be taken to introduce healthy diets as young as possible (ideally weaned onto fresh foods before introducing chicks onto seeds). Parrotlets like any other Parrots learn mainly by mimicry and thus most adult Parrotlets will be easily encouraged to try new foods by observing another bird eating the food, or by placing the new food on a mirror.

Parrot species (including Parrotlets) are biologically vegetarian species. Consequently, they should be fed vegetarian diets that are ideally supplemented with vegetal Proteins. Produced by the combination of any type of whole grain/cereal with any type of legume/pulse. Eggs (hard-boiled and/or scrambled) are the only one appropriately healthy source of animal proteins. Mostly for birds in either breeding, growing, moulting and/or recovering conditions. High levels of proteins (most particularly animal proteins) is unhealthy for Parrotlets and any other Parrot species living under any alternate conditions (i.e. non-breeding, pets).

Pellets

Most Avian Vets & knowledged Aviculturists agree that pellets should represent between 30 to 50% of any Parrot's total daily diet. The % varies depending on various aspects such as ; - particular species (Afro-Asian Ringnecked Parakeets, African Greys, Amazons, Cockatoos, Conures, Grass Parakeets, Lories, Lovebirds, Macaws, Parrotlets, Pionus...), - lifestyles (pet &/or breeder), - developpement stages (growing chick, juvenile, adult...), - in &/or outs of breeding seasons...

Tropical species such as Amazons, Conures, King Parrots, Macaws, Parrotlets.. . should be offered diets where pellets represent a greater part and about 1/2 to 2/3 of their daily diets.

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